Unfortunately, I received the news that one of my favourite manga series is going to end… I really loved Rosario+Vampire, it went from a typical romance manga to a battle manga, while retaining each and every inch of what made it unique in the first place. It is sad to see it go, but it is with happiness that I see it ending, because it will be (I hope) the happy ending of a struggle of love between Moka, Tsukune and everyone!
I’ve decided to post this since many people believe that anime and manga are the only mediums of the anime industry, and I’ve lost count to the number of times I’ve explained people how wrong they were… So, what are the different mediums in the anime industry?
For many, the main (or only) medium they have contact with. Anime is the japanese equivalent of cartoons, however it has some unique features:
Cartoons usually cater to the younger audiences, namely kids and young teenagers, but sometimes also to adults, while anime’s range of audiences is fairly bigger, ranging from the 10-16 year olds (the “Shounen” demographic) to the 18-30-ish year olds (the “Seinen” demographic), although it isn’t unusual to see people in their 30’s enjoying Shounen anime and kids enjoying Seinen anime;
Manga For those that just entered the anime-fandom, it’s not unusual to be oblivious to the existence of manga. Manga is the japanese equivalent of comics, but, as with anime, has it’s own twists that make it very different:
Instead of being mostly colored, manga is drawn and printed in black and white, although sometimes the mangaka (the name of the person who writes and draws the manga) might add a few coloured pages if asked by the publisher;
In comics, the stories are written usually by more than one person, while in the case of manga the mangaka writes the story solely by himself (with very few exceptions), with the occasional input of the series’ editor;
Comics usually cater to the younger audiences, namely kids and young teenagers, but sometimes also to adults, while manga’s range of audiences is fairly bigger, ranging from the 10-16 year olds (the “Shounen” demographic) to the 18-30-ish year olds (the “Seinen” demographic), although it isn’t unusual to see people in their 30’s enjoying Shounen manga and kids enjoying Seinen manga;
While there are comics whose target audience is composed of both males and females, it doesn’t usually have series targeted to the female audience, while in manga there is an entire sub-set devoted to female-oriented manga: Shoujo (the female counterpart of Shounen) and Josei (the female counterpart of Seinen). These series usually have more romantic side, while some also have homosexual content, also featuring a different drawing style compared to male-oriented manga.
Manhwa Manhwa are comics of South Korean origin. Manhwa has its own style that distinguishes it from both Comics and Manga. There are different styles of Manhwa, some being long strips containing several scenes, while other can be said to be based or to have influences from Manga. While their origin isn’t from Japan, Manhwas are becoming more and more popular among Manga readers (Thanks to Super Clumsy Monster (scmonster.wordpress.com) for the tip 😉 )
Light Novels are basically anime/manga in a novel format. Many series’ main medium is the light novel, which is a fairly risk-free way to enter the anime/manga market. Usually light novels are arround 200 pages long, with arround 10 illustrations per book. They are written in the traditional japanese way, meaning that the text is written vertically, from right to left.
Visual Novels are something foreign to most western people. The most approximate comparison would be a Choose-Your-Own-Adventure book only on a computer. Visual Novels are “games” in which the player reads a story, and has limited input in the game, usually in the form of branching points in the game’s plot. Usually, each choice the player makes influences the outcome of the game, with several ending-scenarios (or “routes”) written, requiring the player to make several play-throughs to complete every “route”.
The Visual Novel market has a great number of titles who are mainly aimed to males, featuring beautifull girls (“bishoujo-games”), and whose objective is to complete each character’s romantic plot. Although not having as much expression, there are also titles who are aimed at girls, with the difference of the characters being male (“otome-games”). There are also Visual Novels who are pornographic in nature, usually called “eroge”.
Well, if you liked this post, or have any comments, sugestions or critics please feel free to use the comment section below 😉